During their lifetime, parasites release a large amount of toxins. These substances are the strongest allergens. When parasites appear on the body, a person develops itching, urticaria and skin rash.
It is believed that the residues of various parasites are the most potent allergens. If the patient is allergic to dust, wormwood, pets, then the risk of developing anaphylactic shock is high.
If any allergic reaction occurs, a person should undergo complex drug treatment. Produced using a new generation of antihistamines. Drug therapy is also supplemented with immunomodulatory drugs, anti-helminths and multivitamins.
What types of parasites cause allergies
Allergies and parasites are closely related. Giardia is the most common cause of allergic reactions in humans. These worms belong to the class of protozoa. Giardia enters the body along with poorly processed food.
Another person can become infected if they have been in contact with parasite carriers. The most common carriers of Giardia are insects and cockroaches. Also, a person can become infected with Lyabmlia if they eat raw fish.
Different types of helminths can also cause allergies. These include roundworms, whipworms, toxocariums, opisthorchis and echinococci. These parasites enter the body if a person eats poorly processed meat or fish. Also, the cause of helminth infestation may be non-compliance with the rules of hygiene and the use of raw chicken eggs.
Doctors say that if a person has allergies, the parasites have already started to multiply. Immediately after the invasion, allergy symptoms may not appear. The severity of clinical manifestations will depend on the location of the parasites. For example, the intensity of allergic reactions increases if the parasites are located in the intestines, bronchi or pancreas.
Allergy-causing parasites lead to decreased immunity. This is due to the fact that the products of their vital activity are carried throughout the body along with the blood. Parasites often cause secondary infections and autoimmune diseases.
It was found that when parasites appear in the gastrointestinal tract, the production of certain enzymes is inhibited.
As a result, a person develops immunodeficiency. In this case, allergic reactions may also be associated with hair loss.
How allergy manifests itself in parasitosis
What are the symptoms of a worm infection? Worm allergy can manifest in different ways. It all depends on the type of worm and the individual characteristics of the person.
Doctors say that allergies to parasites appear in the same way as allergies to wormwood, pets or medicines. The first signs of an allergic reaction:
- Itching. It can be paroxysmal in nature, that is, it disappears from time to time.
- Peeling of the skin. Usually the skin of the face or limbs is cut.
- Bounce. This symptom develops if a person has a predisposition to develop allergic reactions.
With premature relief of allergies, the patient develops bronchospasm. It poses a serious risk to life. If you do not provide emergency assistance to a person, he or she may drown.
Eczema, itching and other signs of an allergic reaction may disappear over time. In addition to these symptoms, a person has a sharp drop in body weight. Some species of helminths, for example, Giardia, on the contrary, lead to overweight.
Even with the onset of allergic reactions, a person has an unpleasant odor from the mouth. Shows that parasites have led to the development of pathologies of the digestive tract. It is very likely that the pH level in the stomach has changed. If you do not take urgent measures, then the patient may develop chronic gastritis or diabetes mellitus.
If the patient does not tolerate wormwood and other allergens, then with helminthic infestations, the intensity of clinical manifestations increases significantly. In this case, a severe allergic reaction develops, which is accompanied by symptoms such as:
- Chills. It is associated with general illness. As a rule, the patient experiences drowsiness and loss of strength.
- Increased body temperature. With the development of severe allergic reactions, the body temperature rises up to 40 degrees.
- Intoxication. It appears as a dyspeptic phenomenon. The patient usually experiences vomiting, diarrhea or nausea. These symptoms are accompanied by paroxysmal pain of a cutting nature in the abdomen.
- Red rash. It covers the entire surface of the skin.
If you do not stop a strong allergic reaction, then the patient develops an asthma attack. There is also a high probability of developing various side effects. It has been proven that with helminthic invasions, the risk of developing chronic allergies increases significantly.
Furthermore, there is the possibility of developing autoimmune and neurological diseases.
Diagnosis and treatment of allergies
If symptoms of helminthic infestations appear, it is recommended that it undergo a comprehensive examination. First, you need to pass a stool test. If a parasite is detected in the feces, the doctor immediately selects the appropriate medication.
Sometimes the larvae are not found in the feces. In this case, the patient should have a general blood test. With its help, it is easier to diagnose the disease. If a person has parasites in the body, then the tests reveal an increased number of eosinophils and an accelerated ESR. If necessary, diagnostic measures are supplemented by ultrasound and x-ray examination.
After that, the doctor should get acquainted with the patient's medical history and choose the right medications. Symptomatic treatment is initially performed. It is necessary to stop allergic reactions. To get rid of allergies, you can use antihistamines.
The duration of receiving such funds is from 1 to 14 days. If necessary, the course of treatment is repeated.
After removing the parasites from the body, a person is prescribed immunomodulatory drugs and multivitamin complexes. They are needed to minimize the risk of disease recurrence and strengthen the immune system.